There are three types of mothers that are most likely to raise a murderer, according to a criminology expert.
Dr Elizabeth Yardley , who worked on the TV series Murderers and their Mothers, has revealed how a mother can contribute to the “making” of a killer.
HuffPost recently found an article in which Dr Elizabeth Yardley explained how a person’s biology and upbringing can make them violent later on.
The Centre for Applied Criminology at Birmingham City University says that biology is not the only important factor.
Dr Yardley highlighted some of the most notorious serial killers and went on to share how their mothers played a part in their frightful future and helped “write the script for murder.”
She also argued that mothers matter more than fathers in the making of murderers because of the “inherently gendered nature of society”.
She wrote: “Why such an emphasis on mothers? What about the fathers? Isn’t this sexist? These are questions that I have encountered a lot over the past few months.
“I argue that mothers matter more in the making of murderers because of the inherently gendered nature of society.
“We expect mothers to be selfless nurturers and primary caregivers – expectations we take for granted and apply to all.
“Mothers are the ones we trust, simply because they know best, prioritize their children’s needs, and protect them from harm within and outside the family. Everything will be fine as long as mom is present.
The expert went on to say that the mothers of Fred West and Robert Black among others created brutal environments at home, neglecting or abusing their children.
The mothers of Adam Lanza and Harold Shipman, both murderers, were determined to provide the best for their children. They encouraged their sons’ to be like other people.
“Through hypervigilance they tried to be the good mothers that society demands, being selective in the advice that they took on board from outsiders,” Dr Yardley provides more details.
Finally, the mothers of Daniel Bartlam, Dennis Nilsen and Rose West were in denial – looking the other way, unwilling to confront or discuss behaviours that might lead to their children being seen as ‘different’.
Dr Yardley’s findings revealed that there were three types mother who could make a murderer out of these women: anti-mothers; uber-mothers; and passive mothers.
According to the expert, this type of mother may have been a victim of abuse and neglect, the survivor of a brutal upbringing who never had a ‘healthy’ family environment.
Some women will rebuild their lives after experiencing this, but not all.
They become the same people they used to hate, and go from victims to aggressors.
The uber-mothers come from a ‘traditional’ sort of family environment, but they are very aware of society’s expectations and have been from an early age.
They might have been victims of discrimination, or have an arbitrary moral framework. As such they are determined that their children will not be treated the same.
In turn, they become “mother-managers”, planning out their children’s lives and struggling to keep them on course.
Dr Yardley describes this kind of parent as “the gatekeepers that hold off the outside world, protecting their child from scrutiny as their behaviour becomes increasingly deviant”.
The third type of mother on the list is scared of how society may judge her children.
They have lived their own lives following rules and doing what society expects of them, being quiet, passive and “ticking along”.
They will try to hide what their children are doing if they start to challenge society’s legal and moral boundaries. They will try to ignore the situation and pretend it’s a temporary issue.
Dr Yardley adds: “Anti-mothers, uber-mothers and passive mothers thrive because of the considerable cultural value society places on privacy. How mothers bring up their children remains largely ‘none of our business’.
“Privacy can be valuable as it allows us to restrict who has access to our family places and spaces and enables us to control who knows what about our families. It can also serve as a barrier to violence, abuse and neglect that can flourish, which can lead to the creation and execution of murderers.
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