Sanjay Gandhi National Park Mumbai: Timings, History, Entry Fee, Images, Built by & Information

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a protected area located in Mumbai, India. It covers an area of 87 square kilometers and is situated within the city limits of Mumbai. The park was established in 1969 and is also known as Borivali National Park. It is one of the six national parks in the state of Maharashtra.

The park is located in the northern part of Mumbai and is surrounded by a hilly terrain of the Western Ghats. It is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including over 1,000 plant species, 40 mammal species, 250 bird species, and 50 reptile species. The park is also home to the 2,400-year-old Kanheri Caves, which were carved out of the rocky basaltic cliffs by Buddhist monks.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a popular destination for tourists and locals alike. It attracts over 2 million visitors every year. The park is open from 5:30 AM to 7:30 AM for morning walkers with monthly or annual passes. For day visitors, it is open from 7:30 AM to 6:30 PM. It is closed on Mondays.

Visitors can explore the park through a variety of activities, including hiking, trekking, and safari tours. There are several trails within the park that offer stunning views of the surrounding hills and valleys. The park also has several picnic areas and playgrounds for families and children.

Overall, Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers visiting Mumbai. It offers a unique opportunity to experience the beauty and diversity of India’s natural landscape within the city limits.

Park Timings and Entry Fee

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is open to visitors from 7:30 am to 6:30 pm every day, including weekends and public holidays. The park is open for morning walkers with monthly or annual passes from 5:30 AM to 7:30 AM on other days. Visitors are advised to plan their trip accordingly to avoid any inconvenience.

The entry fee for Sanjay Gandhi National Park is INR 53 per adult and INR 36 per child (age 5-12). However, the entry fee for morning walkers with monthly or annual passes is different. The entry fee for Kanheri Caves is INR 5.

It is recommended to carry a valid ID proof while visiting the park. Visitors can purchase tickets at the main gate or can book them online in advance. It is advisable to check the official website for any updates on timings and entry fee before visiting the park.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a popular tourist destination and attracts a large number of visitors throughout the year. The park authorities ensure that the visitors have a safe and enjoyable experience.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park Mumbai

History of the Park

Sanjay Gandhi National Park, also known as Borivali National Park, is a sprawling oasis of natural beauty amidst the bustling cityscape of Mumbai. The park covers an area of 103 square kilometers and is managed by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. The park was first introduced in 1974 and has since become a popular destination for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts.

The history of Sanjay Gandhi National Park dates back to the 4th century BCE when ancient civilizations of Sopara and Kalyan had a 45-kilometer trade route between each other. The kingdoms of these trade capitals exchanged trades with Greece and Mesopotamia. The park also has a rich Buddhist heritage, with Kanheri Caves being the most significant Buddhist site in the park. These caves date back to the 1st century BCE and were used by Buddhist monks as a place of meditation and study.

The park is also home to several ancient carvings and rock-cut temples, which provide a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of the region. The carvings depict various scenes from Hindu mythology and are believed to have been created between the 6th and 8th centuries CE.

Over the years, the park has undergone several transformations, with various rulers and dynasties leaving their mark on the landscape. Today, the park is a testament to the rich history and cultural heritage of the region and serves as a precious haven for both flora and fauna.

Wildlife and Biodiversity

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. The park boasts of over 1300 species of plants, including rare and endangered species such as Karvy and Kusum. The park’s dense forests and grasslands provide a suitable habitat for a variety of wildlife species.

The park is home to over 40 species of mammals, including tigers, leopards, spotted deer, palm civet, bonnet macaque, and rhesus macaque. The park also has a sizable population of pythons and other snakes, as well as crocodiles. Visitors can spot these animals on the various nature trails and safaris offered by the park.

The park is also a bird watcher’s paradise, with over 254 species of birds, including woodpeckers, making it their home. The park has a butterfly garden within the NIC premises, where visitors can see and try to identify the myriad types of butterflies. The park is also home to 78 species of reptiles and amphibians.

The park’s rich biodiversity is due to its unique location at the northern edge of the Western Ghats, which is one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. The park’s conservation efforts have ensured that the park remains a haven for a variety of wildlife species.

Attractions and Activities

Sanjay Gandhi National Park offers a wide range of attractions and activities for visitors of all ages. Here are some of the most popular ones:

  • Kanheri Caves: These ancient Buddhist caves are located within the park and are a must-visit for history buffs. The caves are carved out of a massive basaltic rock and are believed to date back to the 1st century BC.
  • Lake and Boat Rides: The park has a beautiful lake that offers boat rides to visitors. This is a great way to enjoy the natural beauty of the park and spot some of the resident birds.
  • Tiger and Lion Safari: The park has a separate enclosure for tigers and lions where visitors can see these majestic animals up close. The safari is conducted in a specially designed bus that takes visitors through the enclosure.
  • Nature Trails: The park has several nature trails that offer visitors the opportunity to explore the park’s diverse flora and fauna. The trails are well-marked and are suitable for people of all ages.
  • Toy Train: The park has a toy train that takes visitors on a scenic ride through the park. This is a great way to see the park’s attractions without having to walk long distances.
  • Biodiversity and Conservation: The park is home to a wide range of plant and animal species and is a great place to learn about biodiversity and conservation. The park authorities conduct several educational programs and workshops on these topics.
  • Butterfly Garden: The park has a butterfly garden that houses several species of butterflies. This is a great place to learn about these beautiful insects and their life cycle.
  • Cycling and Trekking: The park has several cycling and trekking trails that offer visitors a chance to explore the park’s natural beauty. Visitors can rent cycles from the park’s entrance and explore the trails at their own pace.

Overall, Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a great place to visit for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts alike. With its diverse attractions and activities, the park offers something for everyone.

Visitor Information

Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Mumbai is a popular tourist attraction and a designated protected area for nature lovers. The park is open to visitors every day from 7:30 am to 6:30 pm, including weekends and public holidays. The entry fee for Indian visitors is Rs. 53 per adult and Rs. 36 per child (age 5-12). Visitors can also purchase monthly or annual passes for morning walks.

The park offers a variety of trails for trekking enthusiasts, ranging from easy to difficult. The trails are well-marked, and visitors can choose the one that suits their fitness level and interests. The park is an ideal place for families to spend quality time together and enjoy the beauty of nature.

Visitors can explore the park on foot or rent a cycle to cover more ground. The park also offers a mini train that takes visitors on a tour of the park’s designated areas. The shuttle bus service is available for visitors who prefer not to walk or cycle.

The park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including leopards, deer, monkeys, and a variety of bird species. Visitors are advised to follow the park’s rules and regulations and avoid littering or disturbing the natural habitat of the animals.

In conclusion, Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a must-visit destination for tourists and nature lovers. The park offers a unique opportunity to escape the hustle and bustle of the city and immerse oneself in the beauty of nature.

Park’s Geographical Features

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is located in the northern part of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It covers an area of 87 square kilometers (34 square miles) and is surrounded by the Western Express Highway to the east, the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway to the west, and the Thane district to the north. The park is home to two large lakes, Tulsi Lake and Vihar Lake, which are the main sources of water for Mumbai.

The park’s topography is hilly, with the highest point being at Yeoor, which is 468 meters (1,535 feet) above sea level. The park is also home to the Powai Lake, which is located in the southeastern part of the park. The park’s vegetation is mainly composed of deciduous forests, with a mix of evergreen and semi-evergreen forests. The park is also home to a wide variety of wildlife, including leopards, deer, monkeys, and a variety of bird species.

The park’s geographical features contribute significantly to its unique ecosystem. The lakes, Tulsi Lake and Vihar Lake, provide water to the city of Mumbai and are also home to a variety of aquatic life. The hilly terrain provides a habitat for a variety of flora and fauna, while the forests help regulate the city’s air quality. The Powai Lake is also an important feature of the park, providing a recreational area for visitors and locals alike.

Overall, the Sanjay Gandhi National Park’s geographical features make it a unique and valuable asset to the city of Mumbai. Its location in the heart of the city, along with its natural beauty and diverse wildlife, make it a popular destination for nature lovers and tourists alike.

Local Transportation

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is well-connected to various parts of Mumbai through different modes of transportation. Visitors can choose from a variety of options to reach the park, including rickshaws, taxis, buses, and private vehicles.

One of the most convenient ways to reach the national park is by taking a taxi or rickshaw. These modes of transportation are readily available and can be found at almost every street corner in Mumbai. Visitors can easily hail a taxi or rickshaw and reach the park in around 30-40 minutes, depending on the traffic.

Another option is to take a shuttle bus that operates between the park and Borivali railway station. The shuttle service is available at regular intervals throughout the day and is an affordable option for visitors who want to avoid the hassle of hiring a taxi or rickshaw.

For visitors who prefer to drive their own vehicle, the park is accessible via the Western Express Highway. However, it is important to note that the park has limited parking facilities, and visitors may have to park their vehicles outside the park and walk to the entrance.

Overall, visitors to Sanjay Gandhi National Park have a variety of transportation options to choose from, depending on their budget and convenience.

Park’s Conservation Efforts

Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) has been a hub of conservation efforts for decades. The park has been working closely with the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) to protect its unique flora and fauna. The BNHS has conducted several studies and surveys to understand the biodiversity of the park and identify areas that need conservation.

One of the notable conservation efforts of SGNP is the protection of the species of butterflies found in the park. The park is home to over 150 species of butterflies, and the authorities have taken several measures to protect their habitats. The park has also established butterfly gardens to attract and promote the breeding of these beautiful insects.

SGNP is also home to several species of mammals, including the leopard, which is a vulnerable species. The park has implemented measures to protect the leopards and their habitats, including setting up camera traps to monitor their movements and prevent human-wildlife conflict.

The park has also been working towards promoting eco-tourism and educating visitors about conservation. The authorities have established nature trails, interpretation centers, and organized guided tours to help visitors understand the importance of conservation and the need to protect the park’s biodiversity.

Overall, SGNP has been a leader in conservation efforts, and its partnership with the BNHS has been instrumental in protecting the park’s unique flora and fauna.

Contact Information

Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Mumbai can be contacted through various means. Visitors can call the park’s phone number at 022 2886 0362 to inquire about park timings, entry fees, and other information. The park’s official website also provides a wealth of information and can be accessed at www.sgnp.maharashtra.gov.in.

For those who prefer to visit the park in person, the park’s address is Borivali East, Mumbai, Maharashtra, 400066, India. Visitors can use this address to navigate to the park using a GPS device or online maps.

Additionally, the park is active on social media and can be followed on Twitter at @MahaForest. The park’s Twitter account provides updates on park activities, events, and other news.

Overall, visitors to Sanjay Gandhi National Park have several options for contacting the park and obtaining information. Whether through phone, website, or social media, the park’s staff are available to assist visitors and ensure a pleasant experience.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are cars allowed inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

Yes, cars are allowed inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park. However, visitors need to obtain a valid permit before entering the park with their vehicle.

What is the contact number of Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

The contact number of Sanjay Gandhi National Park is +91-22-28868686.

What are some upcoming events at Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

There are various events organized at Sanjay Gandhi National Park throughout the year. Visitors can check the official website or contact the park authorities for information about upcoming events.

What are some reviews of Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

Sanjay Gandhi National Park has received positive reviews from visitors for its natural beauty, wildlife, and peaceful environment. Some visitors have also praised the park’s facilities and services.

How can I purchase tickets for Sanjay Gandhi National Park online?

Visitors can purchase tickets for Sanjay Gandhi National Park online through the official website or third-party ticketing platforms. It is recommended to book tickets in advance to avoid any inconvenience.

What is the history of Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

Sanjay Gandhi National Park was established in 1969 and named after Sanjay Gandhi, the son of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The park was previously known as Borivali National Park and is spread over an area of 103 square kilometers. It is the only national park in the world located within city limits. The park is managed by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

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